Which kind of electric vehicle is best for you?
All-electric vehicles do not have a gas engine and require plug-in charging that can be done at home or at public charging stations. They do not need gasoline or oil changes. Range for all-electric models varies from around 100 to 375 miles per charge.
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles
Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles have an electric motor and a gas engine that extends their range. They require oil changes and maintenance like regular gas vehicles. Vehicles can be charged at home or at some public charging stations (not level 3 DC Fast Charging).
Do you have the ability to charge your vehicle at home?
Yes, I can charge at home.
If you have a garage, carport or driveway with access to electricity, you can probably charge at home. There are two primary home charging options.
- Level 1 120V charging (standard household outlet)
- Level 2 240V charging (requires installation and/or 240V outlet)
No, I can't charge at home.
Public charging is likely available, but keep in mind it takes time and prices vary substantially. Charging time varies based on car battery size and charger power.
- Level 2 240V charging: 4 to 8 hours
- Level 3 480V+ charging: 20 to 30 minutes (Not available for PHEVs)
How much can you save on fuel cost with an EV?
Home charging cost
To determine how much it will cost to charge your EV, you'll need to know how much your home electricity costs. Rates vary significantly between utilities and utility rate programs.
Public charging cost
Public charging is typically more expensive than charging at home. Pricing and pricing models vary significantly between providers.
An EV will likely reduce your environmental impact.
Where does your electricity come from?
Utilities generate electricity various ways. This includes using fossil fuels, such as coal, natural gas and oil, as well as non-fossil sources like hydro, wind, solar and nuclear.
Public charging electricity sources
Electricity at public charging stations comes from utilities as well, but it may be difficult to determine which utility serves a specific station, thus CO2 rates may vary.
Are there EV incentives available for you?
There may be significant incentives available for the purchase of an electric vehicle at the federal, state, local, manufacturer and utility levels.
Review available electric rate programs.
Every utility has a unique energy pricing model, and some have special rates available if you charge at different times of the day. It's usually cheapest to charge at night if your utility has "time of use" (TOU) programs. Some utilities even have special EV rates or offer special programs that provide discounts if you allow them to regulate various aspects of your charging when energy is in high demand.